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What are the biggest obstacles to world peace 2023 - 2024?

We are coming close to the end of year 2023, but the world seems to be more chaotic than the previous decade: The Russian invasion of Ukraine that started on 24 February 2022 will soon be entering the 2nd year; the on-going Israel-Hamas war; the climate issues and the increasing of refugees around the world. What are the key factors that cause all those mishaps that push the world further away from the World Peace?

The first - antisemitism.

Antisemitism has always been a saddening rod that stirs the deep waters of conflict, and the increasing instances of this hateful ideology significantly contribute to the current state of world chaos. Manifestations of antisemitism range from Holocaust denial to violent hate crimes against Jewish individuals and communities, which have been frighteningly on the rise in recent years. The shadow of antisemitism stubbornly refuses to relinquish its chilling grip on global peace, creating frightening wedges between nations and even within societies, perpetuating hostility and fear.

The Israel-Hamas war, for example, has been exacerbated by underlying currents of antisemitism, with both sides of the conflict being crumpled and torn under the enormous weight of age-old prejudices and stereotypes. Tragically, rather than seeking to understand and appreciate the rich culture, history, and contributions of the Jewish people, antisemitism often chooses to vilify and single them out for disdain. This not only shrouds the globe in a grim fog of bias and misunderstanding but also fuels the flames of conflict, making it a significant obstacle to world peace.

The second - nationalism.

Nationalism, as a key obstacle to world peace, appears to be a driving force behind many conflicts worldwide. From territorial disputes to ethnic tensions, nationalism fosters division and often results in political turmoil, which consequently leads to unrest and conflict. The most notable example of the hazardous impact of nationalism is the ongoing war between Russia and Ukraine. This tension, originating from numerous nationalist sentiments, is accompanied by the longing to assert their identity and sovereignty fervently. These feelings, often exploited by political leaders, spur discord and create an environment conducive to conflict.

Furthermore, nationalism can simmer down to more localized problems, creating a harsh atmosphere for immigrants and marginalized groups. Discrimination, intolerance, and xenophobia are often exacerbated by a surge in nationalist sentiments. The antagonism towards 'outsiders' destabilizes societies globally, breeding new forms of conflict that pull us further away from the ideal of world peace. From the refugee crises to the battles between nations, it is therefore clear that this intense nationalism poses a considerable challenge in achieving harmony on a global scale.

The third - climate change.

Climate change, among the paramount global challenges, hinders the advancement towards global peace. This phenomenon transcends borders, affecting multiple facets of our lives, from agriculture to health, and exacerbating issues such as poverty and inequality. As our planet's temperature inexorably rises, low-lying areas are gradually but relentlessly submerged under rising sea levels, leading to displacement of people, thereby flagging a host of social, political, and economic tensions.

Furthermore, depleted resources due to changing weather patterns stir competition, leaving room for potential conflicts. Droughts and floods pose significant threats to food security, increasing hunger and unrest among marginalized communities. The indirect implications of these transformations spread far beyond environmental damage. As states grapple with the repercussions of climate change, the strain on international relations escalifies, making collaboration incumbent yet challenging. Hence, climate change, a seemingly environmental issue, looms large as a significant roadblock to global peace.

The fourth - Women's right.

Women's rights, or rather the violation thereof, remain to be one of the biggest obstacles to world peace. As we step towards more modern times, it is disheartening to see that gender inequality still persists, stifling global progress. A large percentage of females globally still face discrimination, domestic violence, sexual harassment, and unequal work opportunities, hampering not only individual development but also economic growth.

Lack of education and healthcare for women have long-lasting repercussions, holding back entire communities and nations from achieving their full potential. Recently, the world has seen an alarming setback in women's rights in nations like Afghanistan, indicating that the fight for gender equality is far from over. It sheds a grim light on the fact that maintaining world peace requires not only political resolutions but more importantly, cultural, social and gender reformations.

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